- 30 Dec
- Eric Hochberger
What is Anchor Text: SEO Best Practices for Links
You know those words that appear in an html hyperlink, a.k.a. the link text between the opening <a> and closing </a>?
That’s called the anchor text and it matters quite a lot.
Anchor text is critical for user experience, site accessibility and SEO (Search Engine Optimization) alike.
Most of the time, the term “anchor text” is used in an SEO context, but user experience and site accessibility are equally important.
Why? Because that’s ultimately what drove the decision to make anchor text such an important ranking signal for SEO, which in turn should help you create better anchor text.
It’s all intertwined and we’ll break it down below.
What Does Anchor Text Have to Do with User Experience?
From a user experience standpoint, there are basically two kinds of anchor text:
- Good anchor text
- Bad anchor text
Put yourself in the shoes of a casual reader instead of one who is thoroughly reading all content.
Can you quickly look at the anchor text and know where that link is taking you?
If it’s linked on words like “click here,” or the URL itself, then probably not.
Example: Which anchor text below best shows what I’m linking to?
All four link to the same page, and while this is a slightly exaggerated example, we hope it’s clear that #1 is good and #2-4 leave a little something to be desired (or a lot).
Here’s the thing, though: In the past, SEO experts might have actually recommended options 2-4 as well. As far as user experience goes however, 2-4 are a mystery to the user and may end up disappointing them.
Long story short: Make it easy for users and you’ll improve their experiences.
How Does Anchor Text Help with Accessibility?
Back to cryptic links 2-4 above: Playing choose-your-own-adventure with users is bad enough, but imagine if they’re visually impaired and need links read aloud.
Screen readers, by default, will read the anchor text unless you provide an ARIA label.
This means anchor text is vitally important to those users.
The majority of users might not be using screen readers or text-to-speech, but those who do will have a harder time piecing together the context around the link.
They desperately need anchor text that leaves as little to chance as possible.
Anchor Text and SEO
This is likely why you’re here — to learn how to write anchor text for SEO and how that influences rankings.
Google uses anchor text, along with many other signals, to figure out both the content you’re linking to and the page you’re linking from.
The official Google SEO Starter Guide offers four pieces of advice when writing anchor text, or link text:
- Choose descriptive text. The text you’re linking on should describe the page you’re linking to. Simple. Do NOT tell users to “click here.”
- Write concise text. Keep anchor text to just a few words or a short phrase, NOT a whole sentence or paragraph.
- Format links so they’re easy to spot. This is more of a design or theme consideration, and not always an exact science, but the more obvious links are to the user — underlined, different color than the text, etc. — the more effective they are.
- Think of anchor text as it relates to internal links, too. External links pointed toward your content are obviously a key focal point, but this advice applies and helps with internal links as well.
Google Anchor Text Advice Summary: Link on short, descriptive text for whatever you’re linking to.
Anchor Text and the SEO Rumor Mill
“Okay, but I read from [insert alleged SEO expert on the Internets] that since Panda, I need to diversify my link text.”
Yes, other SEO blogs frequently talk about different types of anchor text.
You’ll often see Exact Match, Branded, Partial Match, Naked and Generic Anchors, each of which we’ll break down below.
Exact Match anchor text links on EXACTLY the keyword or key phrase you’re going after. For this article, that would be linking to this post on the phrase “anchor text.”
Partial Match anchor text is just as the name implies, a partial match of the keyword you’re writing. Here, that might mean linking to this post on a phrase like “anchor” or “link text.”
Naked is just using the link itself. e.g. “https://bit.ly/2PzqRns” … not great for SEO or for user experience.
Branded links are links to a brand or website name. For this article, it would be linking on “Mediavine.”
Generic links are using phrases like “click here” or “learn more.” You already know how we feel about that.
SEO sites may advise you to use a variety of these to make things look “natural” and even break down percentages of how many you should use from each category. However, Google flat out asks you not to use naked or generic links.
We’d strongly recommend you do NOT use them, at all. Stick to exact and partial match anchor text, especially for internal links.
Most of the algorithm changes in Panda cited by these SEO sites is related to combatting spam, or link abuse. Generally, the idea is to stop unnatural links pointed towards your site from an external source.
For example, if you bought links, more than likely you’d pay a service who would place all links to your site using the same text.
FOUR SIMPLE WORDS: DO. NOT. BUY. LINKS.
Assuming your well-intentioned, white-hat SEO efforts do not include buying links, then more than likely, this rule doesn’t apply to you.
In fact, if you’re just worried about the anchor text you use when linking to internal articles and the occasional external page, then it’s safe to ignore any “expert” SEO advice and stick to the SEO advice Google provides.
In summary, make your anchor text good, clear and concise. Include your keywords and as little else as possible.
It’s also important to note that both partial and exact keywords are good to link on. Google is smart. Google uses machine learning to read the text around your links and establish the proper “context.”
So if your anchor text doesn’t 100% match the keyword of the page you’re linking to don’t worry. Your anchor text can use partial keywords as long as the other important words appear nearby for context.
Put another way, don’t stress about shoehorning awkward link text into your content if it hurts the readability of your post. High quality content is still the highest priority. Google will figure it out.
Just relax, take a deep breath and whenever possible try to use the keyword, or as close as you can, when you link.
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